Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs)

Many people with dementia will need help with tasks that are called “Instrumental Activities of Daily Living,” or IADLs. IADLs are activities that we perform from day to day that add to our quality of life, but are not as basic to self-care as ADLs or activities of daily living. The following tasks are considered to be IADLs:

  • Managing money (i.e., writing checks, handling cash, keeping a budget)
  • Managing medications(i.e., taking the appropriate dose of medication at the right time)
  • Cooking (i.e., preparing meals or snacks, microwave/stove usage)
  • Housekeeping (i.e., performing light and heavy chores such as dusting or mowing the lawn)
  • Using appliances (i.e., using the telephone, television, or vacuum appropriately)
  • Shopping (i.e., purchasing, discerning between items)
  • Extracurriculars (i.e., maintaining a hobby or some leisure activities)

Persons with dementia may be able to perform these tasks independently, with some difficulty, or with additional assistance. However, their performance might change over time as well. It is a good idea to take notes on the abilities of your loved ones and how they change. In this way, when you go to the physician, you can supply information that can help him or her better understand the progress of the disease.