There are many different types of dementia. Alzheimer’s is the most common, followed by multi-infarct or “vascular” dementia.
Most caregiving information available is directed to Alzheimer’s disease. If your loved one has one of the many other kinds of dementias, you will likely still benefit from learning how to care for someone with Alzheimer’s, since there are many commonalities among the dementias, and the strategies and tips for dealing with people who have them are similar.
Before addressing problems, an accurate diagnosis is important. Sometimes problems with cognition are temporary, or reversible. Delirium is one condition seen in the elderly, which can be caused by illness or changes in medication. Have your loved one’s symptoms assessed by a medical doctor to be sure your approach is targeting the correct illness!